Louis Bonaparte (Lodewijk Napoleon) (September 2, 1778 – July 25, 1846) was King of Holland from 1806 until 1810. Before 1806 The Netherlands were a conglomeration of semi-independent nations. Louis centralized the government, introduced a single monetary unit, a museum of the arts, and many other worthy and valuable things. His bitchy wife Hortense gave him three sons, among others the future French emperor Napoleon III. Before and after his reign the Netherlands were governed by the family of Orange-Nassau. They covered up Louis roll in history; he still is hardly mentioned in schoolbooks.