McMurdo Station. In the background Observation Hill (source)
McMurdo Station is a U.S. Antarctic research center located on the southern tip of Ross Island. It is operated by the United States through the United States Antarctic Program (USAP). The station is the largest community in Antarctica, there are approximately 1000 residents in the summer (November-February) and fewer than 200 residents in the winter.
British explorer Robert Falcon Scott first established a base close to this spot in 1902 and built Discovery Hut, still standing adjacent to the harbor at Hut Point. The United States officially opened its first station at McMurdo on Feb. 16, 1956.
The annual outdoor IceStock music festival on New Years Day (source)
The primary focus of the work done at McMurdo (nicknamed ‘Mac-Town’ by its residents) is science, but most of the residents are not scientists, but station personnel who are there to provide support for operations, logistics, information technology, construction, and maintenance.
Dormatory buildings (source)
Close to McMurdo is a very high hill called Observation Hill (750 ft/230m), nicknamed Ob Hill. It is a volcanic cone. On the hill there is a big wooden cross that serves as a memorial for Robert Falcon Scott and his South Pole expedition team members.
Temperatures during the dark winter months at McMurdo Station have dropped as low as −59 °F (−51 °C). December and January are the warmest months, with average highs at 30 °F (−1 °C) and 31 °F (−1 °C) respectively
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