The Kingdom of Galicia (Galizien)
The Kingdom of Galicia was part of the the large multinational empire of Austria-Hungary, from which it became a part after the partitioning of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1776.
|The Empire of Austria-Hungary|
(Galicia in the upper right corner in light yellow)
|West & East Galicia|
The capital was Lemberg (present day Lviv). The western part was mainly inhabited by Poles, and the eastern part by Ukrainians. Proposals to split Galicia between these two populations were never carried out.
In 1918, after WWI, the empire fell apart and independent states like Austria, Tsechoslowakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary arose. Galicia experienced less luck. Western Galicia became a part of the restored Republic of Poland. In the east the local Ukrainian population declared independence as the 'Western Ukrainian People's Republic' but they were annexed by Poland after the Polish-Ukraine War in 1919.
The Western Ukrainian People's Republic (1918-1919)
After WWII this area became part of the USSR, and since 1991 it is part of the Ukraine. The historical difference between West and East Ukraine explains their lingering political troubles.
next episode: Lemberg