Circassia (green) late 18th century (source: Wikipedia)
Circassia is a historical country in the North Caucasus and along the shore of the Black Sea. It is the ancestral homeland of the Circassians. One of the main cities is Sochi, host of the 2014 Olympic Winter Games.
In the 19th century, in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus during and after the Russian–Circassian War (1763–1864), 95% of the Circassians were forcefully relocated from their native lands (the Circassian Diaspora). More than half of the people in exile died of hunger or illness within a year. The Circassians consider this the Circassian Genocide.
Russian conquest of the Caucasus (found on geographictravels.com)
In 1838, during the Russian–Circassian War, the Russians founded a fort at the mouth of the Sochi River, as part of a chain of seventeen fortifications along the Black Sea coastal line, set up to protect the area from recurring Circassian resistance. This fort would eventually evolve into the city of Sochi. The Olympic skiing will take place at at the site of the last major battle in this war.
Sochi with some of the 2014 Olympic Winter Games facilities
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