Donetsk, at the left-bank of the Kalmius river (olo.livejournal.com)
The city of Donetsk (Донецьк) (population: 1 million) is considered the unofficial capital of the Donbass. It was founded in 1869 when the Welsh businessman John Hughes built a steel plant and several coal mines in the region. The town initially was given the name Hughesovka and in its early period received many immigrants from Wales. The British origin of the city is still reflected in its layout and architecture.
Tourisme map of the Ukrainian Donbas region comprised of the two most eastern provinces of Ukraine: the Donetsk oblast and the Luhansk oblast.
Notice the Russian speaking majority in pink and Transnistria in dark green (officially part of Moldavia, it is a self-declared republic wanting to join Russia, with a Russian military contingent present). Also notice how the Russian-Ukrainian language border follows the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth border.
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