Model in a Bohemian folk costume posing in Mucha's studio
The majority of these Parisian photographs were not taken for a specific project. Mucha preferred to improvise a number of poses, creating an archive of variants from which he could select what he considered most suitable for the subject of each new commission (source).
1/9th Plate daguerreotype of a child sitting in his moms lap, without the matte that originally encircled the portrait of the child (source)
In early photographs, a subject had to sit still because of long camera exposure times. When that subject was a squirming baby or small child, they were sometimes held in a lap or reassured by an adult hand, either from a photographer's assistant, relative, nanny, or father, but primarily by the child's mother. Whether they're mothers or not, collectors call these photos 'hidden mother photographs'. Since customers wanted photographs that showed only the children, photographers had to get creative to block out the other person (source).
Gardiners Island is a small island east off the coast of the eastern end of Long Island. It is 6 miles long and 3 miles wide. In 1639, on the basis of a grant by King Charles I, the island was settled by Lion Gardiner. The patent gave him the "right to possess the land forever", Lion Gardiner was given the title of Lord of the Manor and thus was able to govern the island as a proprietary colony.
Gardiner reportedly purchased the island in 1639 from the Montaukett Indians for "a large black dog, some powder and shot, and a few Dutch blankets". It has been privately owned by Gardiner's descendants for over three hundred and fifty years and is the only real estate in the United States still held by a royal grant from the English Crown.